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Marriage/Affidavit of Civil Status

Marriage Formalities

The following documents are generally required.  There might be local variations, therefore, please check with the Civil Registry or District Court prior to assembling your documents. An average delay of 45 to 60 days should be expected after the following documents have been submitted.

Civil Marriages

Applications must be made to the Civil Registry (Registro Civil) or District Court (Juzgado) in the place where the marriage will be celebrated.  The Civil Registry in Barcelona is at Plaça Duc de Medinaceli 2, 08002. Tel. (34) 93-412-0474, web: 

1.          Application Form: Can be obtained from the Civil Registry/District Court assuming jurisdiction

2.         Birth Certificate:  The original document is mandatory. Instructions on how to obtain a birth certificate from your state is available at: .

Apostille: You should submit the document with an "apostille" which is an official international seal verifying a document for use outside its country of origin.  The apostille is issued by an authorized office in the state where your certificate was issued, NOT by the Spanish or American Consulate.  To obtain The Hague Legalization Convention "apostille" please visit:

Naturalized citizens should check with the embassy/consulate of their native country for guidance on authentication of birth certificates, as the apostille is not available in certain countries.

Translation:  Certificates must be translated into Spanish by an official translator. Access this link to download a list of translators:

3.         Proof Both Parties Are Free to Marry (Fe de Soltería):  No document equivalent to the "Fe de Solteria y Vida" exists in the United States.  Spanish authorities will accept a sworn statement from the American citizen affirming that he/she is single and free to marry executed before the U.S. Consul.  Please bring your valid U.S. passport.

Fee:  There is a fee of US$ 50.00 (or the equivalent in Euros) for this affidavit and may be done at the same time as items 5 and 6.

Appointment:  An appointment must be booked on-line for this service at our web site:

4.         Divorce/Annulment/DeathCertificates:  If you have been married before, you must submit evidence that the relationship has ended.  Access the following link for instructions on how to obtain vital records:

            Certified documents originated outside Spain must be accompanied by an apostille and Spanish translations. Please see information on Apostille and Translation above.

 5.         Certificate of Residence:  Americans legally resident in Spain for the prior two years can obtain a certificate of residence at no charge from the Tenencia de Alcaldía in their district of residence (Empadronamiento).  Americans who are temporary residents of Spain or have lived here less than two years may execute an affidavit regarding their place of residence before a consular officer. Please bring your valid U.S. passport.  See Appointment and Fee above 

Note: Spanish law may permit foreigners who are not Spanish legal residents to marry here.  The different autonomous communities in Spain may, however, interpret this law differently and may be required that one of the parties be a citizen or resident of Spain.

6.         Posting of BannsBanns are a public announcement that a couple plans to marry, giving any knowledgeable citizen an opportunity to object.  If required, Americans can execute an affidavit at the Consulate.  Please bring your valid U.S. passport.  See Appointment and Fee above

IMPORTANT: You are required to legalize the signature of the U.S. Officer through the Foreign Affairs Ministry in Madrid:

 Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperación (MAEC)

Calle Juan de Mena 4, Madrid, Tel: 91 379 1655.

Email:; Web:


Anyone under 18 who wishes to marry must have parental consent.

American diplomatic and consular officers cannot perform marriages.

A religious ceremony may be performed after or in lieu of a purely civil ceremony, if desired.

Marriages which are legally performed and valid in Spain are, as a general rule, also accepted in the United States.  Please consult the office of the State Attorney General in your state of residence as regards the validity of "foreign" marriages in that jurisdiction.  Marriage Abroad:

If the parties are planning to return to the U.S., they should consider having the original certificate certified with the Apostille of The Hague by the Secretario de Gobierno, Audiencia Territorial, Palacio de Justicia, Paseo Lluis Companys s/n, 08071 Barcelona. Tel. (34) 93-486-61-83.

Information on obtaining a U.S. visa to reside in the U.S. for a foreign spouse may be obtained from any office of the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services in the Department of Homeland Security (