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Births and Citizenship

Reporting a Birth Abroad

The U.S. Consulate General in Barcelona can register the birth of children born in Spain or Andorra to U.S. citizen parent(s).

Please note that you must request an appointment to submit your application for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad.  The U.S. Consulate General in Barcelona can accept documents in English, Spanish, or Catalan.

Reporting a Birth Abroad

Persons born abroad to U.S. parent(s) may have acquired citizenship at birth.  The determination of citizenship depends on a variety of circumstances:  the law in effect at the time of the birth, the amount of time the U.S. citizen parent(s) lived in the United States prior to the child’s birth, and in some cases, the marital status of the biological parents.

To apply for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad and a U.S. passport simultaneously, both parents must apply in person at the U.S. Consulate General and bring:

  1. The child who must be present at the time of application.
  2. The completed application forms: Consular Report of Birth Abroad DS-2029  (Do not sign the form), Application for Social Security number  SS-5,, and Passport Application Form DS-11.  (Do not sign the form).
  3. The child’s Spanish or Andorran long-form birth certificate known as the literal version.
  4. Parents’ passports. (U.S. citizen parents must provide a U.S. passport or naturalization certificate.)
  5. Parents’ marriage certificate if applicable (if the marriage occurred in Spain, the Libro de Familia is acceptable).
  6. Proof of termination of previous marriages (divorce decrees or death certificates).
  7. Proof of the U.S. citizen parent’s physical presence in the United States such as employment records, school transcripts, tax returns, etc.  Generally, the requirement is five years with a few exceptions.  Please have proof available even if you’ve registered prior children.
  8. One U.S. passport-sized photo of the child.  For babies, you may wish to use the services of a professional photographer as the photo booth at the Consulate General is challenging.
  9. The appropriate fees.

If the parents are only applying for the Consular Report of Birth Abroad and not the U.S. passport, only the U.S. citizen parent needs to be present along with both parents’ documentation.

The Child Citizenship Act of 2000 amended the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act to provide alternative ways by which children of U.S. citizens may acquire U.S. citizenship when the parents are unable to transmit.

If you have questions concerning the information presented above or if you think you might have a claim to U.S. citizenship, please contact us at so that we can address your specific question or situation.

PARENTAL CONSENT (for Passport Applications only)

If the child only has one parent/guardian, evidence of sole authority to apply for the child must be submitted with the application in the form of a:

  • Court order granting sole legal custody (patria potestad) to the applying parent (unless child’s travel is restricted by that order)
  • A court order specifically permitting the applying parent to apply for the child’s passport
  • Judicial declaration of incompetence of the non-applying parent
  • Death certificate of the non-applying parent

If one parent is located outside the consular district at the time of application, the applying parent must obtain a notarized written consent from the non-applying parent authorizing passport issuance to the child.  Form DS-5507 Statement of Consent can be downloaded at the link below.  A copy of the absent parent’s photo identification must accompany the consent form.


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